Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Workplace Protection for Unpaid Interns Sexual harassment claims from unpaid interns against companies have been consistently dismissed. Current legal precedent forces students who accepting unpaid internships into a pool of vulnerable, powerless, at risk population. Many cases go undocumented, interns are often disempowered, feeling inferior in the workplace, working for no pay (often actually paying tuition for the honor to work for free), report to multiple superiors. With hopes of a future job offer, interns who experience harassment may repress their feelings from this inappropriate behavior (Healey, 2011). According to David Yamada (2013), an intern must be directly paid by his or her internship site, to be affordedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Oregon Advocacy Commission in support of HB 2669 to the House Rules Committee summarized the goals of this policy and the benefits that would be afforded to interns; providing the protections that we all expect in the workplace to the hard working interns serving in so many offices state wide. During internships students are exposed to every working environment and situation which can included predatory, discriminatory environments. [...] We need to assure that they have rights and protections. Description of services Extending protections to unpaid interns from discrimination and retaliation on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, marital status, age, military service, and disability (Littler Mendelson, 2013), was a top priority of this bill. This nationwide issue has received national attention after several cases of sexual harassment being refused to be heard by the courts. Interns who are not receiving a paycheck are not employees under the Civil Rights Act -- and thus, theyre not protected (Hickman Thompson, 2013). Empowering interns to have legal access to their guaranteed civil rights has been an issue due to a legal loophole in language, while this has been a long standing issue, Oregon showed that it can be closed with a simple bill that had unanimous bi-partisan support. EligibilityShow MoreRelatedUnpaid Internship Is The Exploitation Of Student Workers908 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWith internships both paid and unpaid, you are gaining valuable work experience in the career you pursuing after college. Today most employers will require that the student performed some type of internship to even be considered for employment. However paid internships are much more beneficial to the interns and to the employers than unpaid internships. With a paid internship you bypass almost all legal issues that may be involved in an unpaid internship and an intern is being paid for their time withRead MoreUnpaid Internship, An Opportunity Or A Tragedy?894 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNhu Truong Prof. Nader IS 301L, GWAR Portfolio Writing #2 November 6, 2014 Unpaid Internship, an Opportunity or a Tragedy? Since the great economic recession in 2008, the United StateÃ¢â¬â¢s job market has become a fierce competition in which newly graduates have to contend not only with their peers but also the existing experienced workers. The changing economic condition makes Ã¢â¬Å"experienceÃ¢â¬ the only valuable key to enter todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workforce. As the college studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to seek work experienceRead MorePersuasive Essay : Unpaid Internships1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvast number of options and find the best fitted placement to fulfill their interests. Furthermore, unpaid internships are merely a simulation of a real job, losing the seriousness and responsibility the last one usually possesses. In some cases, employers utilize internships as an opportunity to exploit a free labor source instead of teaching the basics of the professional world to his or her interns. These drawbacks are making impossible for apprentices to acquire full benefits from this opportunityRead Mor eAll Work And No Pay : The Ethical, Economic And Social Debate On Unpaid Internships3016 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesAll Work and No Pay: The Ethical, Economic and Social Debate on Unpaid Internships 1. Introduction Our present day job market has seen a marked increase in competition among college graduates. Over the past 40 years, we have seen a 20 percent increase in bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degrees in citizens over the age of 25 (Ã¢â¬Å"Fast FactsÃ¢â¬ 1). This increase in degree holders has exacerbated the competition of our job markets and has forced workers to seek a further competitive edge. According to an annual survey by theRead MoreDiscrimination, Discrimination And Discrimination Essay2406 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesmade sure to follow, his coworkers still began treating him differently. They began calling him Ã¢â¬Å"terrorist.Ã¢â¬ Alcantara complained they began making comments such as Ã¢â¬Å"good morning, terrorist,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"come here, terrorist.Ã¢â¬ Comments like that in the workplace are completely out of line and extremely offensive. Nobody should have to experience any sort of discrimination like that. Alcantara decided to complain to the human resources department and have them handle the situation; however, he did not receiveRead MoreAn Unpaid Internship A Wise Move For Job Seekers3263 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesIntroduction Is taking an unpaid internship a wise move for job seekers to get started in their career path? Or is it worth for the interns working as cheap labor? During the last two decades, with the ebbs of economy more frequent than its flows worldwide, an outgrowth of tough employment market has triggered the explosion of unpaid internships which have, on the one hand, allowed private sector employers to minimize their business costs by leveraging the cheap labor, on the other, plunged jobRead MoreNordstrom Human Resource Paper5437 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesNordstrom, this makes for an exciting retail environment and value the richness it brings to our Company. One of the best ways Nordstrom has found to provide excellent customer service is by ensuring what reflects the communities it serve: Ã¢â¬Å"having a workplace that attracts and supports diversity, benefits both customers and employees.Ã¢â¬ (Nordstrom, 2009) Nordstrom believes each of their employees has the opportunity to realize thei r potential and contribute to the success of their Company. This philosophyRead MoreCipd5571 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pages | |Apprentices | |Interns | |Volunteer Read MoreThe Evolution Of China s Labor Market System3965 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagestrends in the United States. Outline the collective bargaining process and its advantages to workers. Compare and contrast wages and working conditions in both countries. Discuss the development of major labor laws that correlate with equality in the workplace. Compare and contrast grievance systems and discuss due process. Explore conflict management and communication styles from the Chinese perspective. Forecast technological implications on the future labor market. This paper will conclude with finalRead MoreAn Open Door Policy Between Team Teams6780 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagescustomers want to be. Every Monday morning we have a Ã¢â¬Å"Reaching Our GoalsÃ¢â¬ meeting to discuss ideas for promotions, sales goals for the week, and recognize achievements in customer service, sales quotas, and being a team player. Our goal is to create a workplace where our team members feel like family, enjoy the work they do, and feel rewarded and respected. II. Meet Your Human Resource Team Michelle Layman Ã¢â¬â Human Resource Manager Office: 253-555-2101 email@example.com Michelle works closely with
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Lucille CliftonÃ¢â¬â¢s and William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s characters in Ã¢â¬Å"Forgiving my FatherÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ demonstrate sections of the authors personal lives and their past experiences, and the works give insight into the styles along with the flow that the authors use when they write pieces like these. The authors characters in the stories are also similarly written, being that some of the problems that they face in the stories. The way that Clifton and Faulkner write pieces like these can often leave them open to interpretation to the people that read them. Clifton and Faulkner are also known for writing from personal standpoints whenever they write a poem or other form of literature, this helps them connect with readers on personal levels which are why they are well known. Even though the authors have similarities they also have differences in some of the topics that they write about, these two works are key to showing that they can be similar at the time. When Faulkner writes a story he usually uses his past environments as the setting, but changes the names of the places and people in which these events occur. Faulkner is also known for using people in his family as characters for some stories, but changing their names. In the F section of Twentieth Century American literature, there is a brief summary of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s life that informs him about parts of his childhood and leads into his adulthood, but also tells us that in his later years his stories can be related back toShow MoreRelatedMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words Ã |Ã 702 Pagesthis 11th edition. Who would have thought that interest in mistakes would be so enduring? Many of you are past users, a few even for decades. I hope you will find this new edition a worthy successor to earlier editions. I think this may even be my best book. The new Google and Starbucks cases should arouse keen student interest, and may even inspire another generation of entrepreneurs. A fair number of the older cases have faced significant changes in the last few years, for better or for
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What caused the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865? There has been several different debates and disputes about the causes of the American Civil War. Historians have stated slavery was the primary cause of the American Civil War, while other historians have argued there were other causes and effects in conjunction with slavery. Research has shown all historians did agree upon the division between the North, known as the Union, and the South, known as the Confederacy, battled on the soil of the United States of America (Stampp, 1965). This battle between these two states is what created the war known as the Ã¢â¬Å"American Civil War.Ã¢â¬ The American Civil War erupted on April 12, 1861. The war began as a result of many years ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The North was against slavery as a foundation in the South, whereas the Confederate States were the only region in the world who legalized slave ownership. As a result, the southerners became angered as it had threatened their way of life. The United States Presidential election of Abraham Lincoln posed a threat to slavery in the South. Furthermore, the economic differences between the North and South were developed and became another issue. The South were agricultural states and rely upon on cultivation rather than industrialization (Egnal, 2009). Nevertheless, following the discovery of the cotton flower, cotton expanded the need for slave ownerships and this is how cotton became the main crop of the South. The South has been able to produce about 90% of the world s supply of cotton. The increase of cotton was the cause for the South s reliance on the plantation system as well as the need for slavery. In contrast, the North was flourishing commercially and was afraid that the slave-based economy in the South might have an overall effect on their economy. The North was highly dependent on factories and other machine-based businesses. As a result, majority of new immigrants resided in the northern states, while very few settled down south. The North primary focus was on the industrial growth, which ended up making the South more bitter towardsShow MoreRelatedThe Civil War : The And Soul Of The United States Of America1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesstatesÃ¢â¬â¢ opinions. Then, the Civil War happened. This war was one of the most pivotal points in American history. The government tried to make a decision on its own without the consent of the country as a whole. This led to the destruction of the rights of the people. The destruction of the rights of the people gave the majority of the power to the federal government, who have abused it, repeatedly, ever since. America has gone throug h very dark time as a result of the Civil War. These are the three mostRead MoreDebate on Civil War1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerican HistoriansÃ¢â¬â¢ Debate on the Civil War The American Civil War has without a doubt left a permanent divide on this great nationÃ¢â¬â¢s past and present. American historians still debate the causes of a war that began in 1861 between the Union states and Confederacy states. The war can be seen as caused by the principle of slavery, the growing tension between northern and southern ideology or due to a crack in the political system of the time. United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ history classes focus on teaching studentsRead MoreThe American Civil War981 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe American Civil War was one of the major events in history that helped develop America to what it is today. Many people think that the American Civil War was fought over the issue of slavery alone, but in reality it was caused by many disagreements and events between the northern free states and southern slave states that occurred prior to the war. Monetary alterations were one of the main reasons the North and South had many conflicts and differences in belief s. The Civil War was an inevitableRead MoreFrederick Douglass : An Unfortunate Time1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFrederick Douglass was born in an unfortunate time period, considering he was born a slave. He was born in a town of Maryland entitled Talbot County. What is surprising about Douglass is the fact that historians do not know the exact year and date he was born, even Frederick does not know his own birthday. Later in DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢s life, he was sent to a home of Hugh Auld in Baltimore. This is where the masterÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, Sophia, taught Douglass how to read and write, which most slaves were denied this privilegeRead MoreAmerican War And The American Civil War1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbetween the North and the South which then caused the Southern states of America to decide to leave the American Union and create their own Southern Confederacy. This tore our nation apart. The American Civil War had begun and the very people that were once neighbors had each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s blood on their hands. Many American lives had been lost. The American lives lost in the Civil War even exceeded the number of American lives lost during World War I and World War II. We were divided. The North wanted toRead MoreThe Kansas Nebraska Act Was A Plan Drafted By Stephen A. Douglas1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Both parties deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish. And the war came,Ã¢â¬ (Abraham Lincoln). The American Civil War was caused by the enmity and growing friction between the Northerners and the Southerners, mostly over slavery. The enmity and friction reached to such a level that the Southerners left the Union. The Northerners had to accept the Civil War because without the war, the South would be goneRead MoreTaking a Look at the Civil War 816 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Civil War Do you how many people died in the Civil War? The answer is 620,000 soldiers died in the civil war according to (PBS.org),but do you know what caused the Civil War or do you know how many slaves were in the Civil War? The Civil War changed the lives of many people and specifically Americans, it was the first ever Civil War in the U.S., many people lost their lives for the Civil war, and many slaves lives were changed after the civil war. This war would lead up to The Civil RightsRead MoreThe Civil War Was Fought Over African American Freedom1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesquestioned what was the cause of the civil war. Till this day there has not been a straightforward answer, but many people still have different views and beliefs on what caused it. Many people believe that political issues or even taxation was the cause of the civil war. However, it was really over slavery. This essay will go over the civil war and explain why slavery caused the southerners and northerners to fight i n the civil war. To what extent was the Civil War fought over African American freedomRead MoreThe American Civil War, Wars, And Rumors Of Wars1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe American Civil War Wars, Wars and rumors of wars!!!! Everyone knows the United States has had its fair share of wars. Let me start by giving you a brief list of wars the United States has participated in according to Wikipedia. Both Ã¢â¬Å"Barbary Wars (1801-1805, 1815-1816), Wars of 1812, Mexican-American War (1846-48), American Civil War (1861-65), Indian War (1865-91), Spanish-American War( 1898), Philippine-American War (1899-1902) Border War(Mexican Revolutionary)1910-1919, World War I (1917-18)Read MoreA Brief Note On The American Civil War1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCollege European Involvement in the Civil War Jillisa Halverson History 151 Instructor: Dan Anderson December 5, 2015 The American Civil War represents a significant period in United States history. In this essay we will explore foreign involvement in the Civil War. We will specifically look at the roles of France and Great Britain played and how they used military positioning in Canada and off the US coast to affect the war. Finally, we will look at which foreign entities
Michael Bonfiglio Mr. Husar, Teofil English-111-26 6 December 2015 Doping in Sports Ã¢â¬Å"It s important that athletes can compete on a level playing field. And youngsters coming into the sport can know that if they are working hard and training hard, they ll see a true reflection of where they stand and what they can achieve worldwide and not be swayed by people who are cheating.Ã¢â¬ This was said by Paula Jane Radcliffe, English long-distance runner and Olympian. Cheating is and never has been a good thing. In sports there are many different forms of cheating. Whether is comes through illegal taping, bribes, or foul play, it is never the way to go. Undoubtedly the most extreme and controversial form of cheating is through the use of PEDs,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The use of PEDÃ¢â¬â¢s is unscrupulous mainly because of two reasons. The first being that it is immoral and unfair. Athletes in this day and age make enough money from their multimillion dollar contracts to afford the best trainers, as well at practice facilities that money can buy. Also sports are not solely about winning. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not about whether you win or lose, itÃ¢â¬â¢s how you played the game,Ã¢â¬ once meant something. Nowadays fair play seems to be a dying trade and playing with the advantage of PEDs isnÃ¢â¬â¢t right. The second reason as to why the uses of PEDs is not good is the health complications they can cause for the user. The use of steroids can have serious threats to the userÃ¢â¬â¢s health, including liver damage, crippled reproductive functions, tumors in the liver as well as kidneys, heart conditions, and even psychiatric symptoms. Steroid abuse can also disrupt the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s production of hormones, causing both some reversible and permanent changes. Reversible changes include reduced sperm count as well as shrinking of the testicles. Some of the reversible changes include male-pattern baldness and even breast development in men. Steroid abuse has also been associated with cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and str okes, even in athletes younger than 30. Even with all of these threats to their health athletes
Can these changes have a significant impact on a variety of developmental outcomes of identity, morality, transitional stages, beginning of puberty and the full commitment to an adult social role, and sexual maturity? Hence, because of the potential impact of these changes, it is important to understand the cycles of adolescents. Life has store many surprises for us as we develop throughout our whole life span. Developmental stages are the progress that occurs in humans from the time they are born until they grow old and die. Originally beginning with infants and children, development will subsequently progress into adolescence, followed by adult, and lastly elderly. The development occurs in many fields, namely physical, perceptual, cognitive, moral and social. Derived from the Latin verb adolescere (to grow into maturity), adolescence is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescent is a distinct and dynamic phase of development in the life of an individual. It is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood and is characterized by spurts of physical, mental, emotional and social development. Who considers adolescence to be the period between 10-19 years of age, which generally encompasses the time from the beginning of puberty to the full legal age. The early adolescent developmental period is when individuals experience many changes, including the biological changes associated with puberty, important changes in relations with family and peers, and the social and educational changes related to transition from elementary to middle school (Wigfield, Byrnes, Eccles, 2002). The biological changes that occur at early adolescence are dramatic, as anyone working with this age group knows (Susman Rogel, 2004). Pubertal developments, the timings of puberty is quite different for girls and boys; girls enter puberty approximately 18 months before boys do, which means that during early adolescence, girls mature faster. Adolescence can be prolonged, brief, or practically nonexistent, depending on the culture of their society. Adolescence is somewhere between childhood and adulthood. It is also the period of life between the beginning of puberty and the full commitment to an adult social role, such as worker or parent. It is filled with constant change, uncertainty, but it can be wonderful and full of expectation. Everything a child learned to believe is suddenly challenged. One day you are a cute child that everybody seemed to adore, and the next day your skin and body are changing. Adolescence is a challenging period for both children and their parents. Three stages of adolescence early, middle, and late, are experienced by most teens, but the age at which each stage is reached varies greatly from child to child. These different rates of maturation are connected to physical development and hormone balance, neither of which the child can control. For this reason, adolescents should be treated as individuals and any guidelines should be modified to the particular child. It is very common to come across mood swings in this stage of development. Gene Roland Medinnus and Ronald C. Johnson state that during adolescence, children develop the ability to: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Understand abstract ideas, such as higher math concepts, and develop moral philosophies, including rights and privileges Ã¢â¬ ¢ Establish and maintain satisfying relationships by learning to share intimacy without feeling worried or inhibited. Move toward a more mature sense of themselves and their purpose Ã¢â¬ ¢ Question old values without losing their identity Adolescence begins when signs of sexual maturity begin to occur in both physical and social development and ends when the individual assumes adult roles and is concerned in most ways as an adult by his reference group. Female friendships are one of the most important dimensions of an adolescent girlÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Peer relationships and friendships are critical in the developing adolescentÃ¢â¬â¢s identity, behaviors, and overall health. These peer connections influence all areas of development including emotional, physical, spiritual, social, and cognitive. The movie Ã¢â¬Å"Mean GirlsÃ¢â¬ addresses social behaviors and experiences that are common in female peer relationships throughout the adolescent years. Ã¢â¬Å"Mean GirlsÃ¢â¬ has brought attention to girls mean behaviors and portrays a dark side of female peer relationships, in which girls act as bullies and use relationships to express anger or power through rumors, exclusion, secrets, or gossip. This movie shows the significant role that female peer relationships play. The functions of peer relationships in adolescence are to help support adolescents at a time when they are challenged with many new experiences, to encourage the development of emotional autonomy, to enable teens to form deeper forms of intimacy that will be needed in adulthood, and to improve social skills. Positive peer relationships cause less anxiety and depression in adolescents where as negative peer relationships may place an individual at risk for maladjustment. Adolescents who are generally disliked, aggressive, disruptive and cannot establish themselves in the peer culture are developmentally at risk. Having friends and peer acceptance are generally related to school competence, higher self-esteem, and better adjustments. Adolescence is a transitional stage of human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. Teenagers (ages 13-19 years) are usually adolescent, though in some individual, puberty may extent a few years beyond the teenage years, and in some individuals puberty begins in the pre-teen years. Because adolescents are experiencing various strong cognitive and physical changes, for the first time in their lives they may start to view their friends, their peer group, as more important and influential than their parents. The American Heritage Dictionary defines the word cognition as; the mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning and judgment (Cognition). Because of peer pressure, they may sometimes indulge in activities not deemed socially acceptable. What is Peer Pressure? Peer pressure is the social pressure from friends or other people to accept certain beliefs or act in certain ways in order to be accepted. How and why do we get peers pressure? Everyone gives into peer pressure at one time or another, but why do people sometimes do things they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to do? Here are a few reasons. They are afraid of being rejected by others, want to be like and donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to lose a friend, want to appear grown up, donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be made fun of, friends have a big influence on our lives, but sometimes they push us to do things we may not want to do. The first step to standing up to peer pressure is to understand it. The four main types of peer pressure is: 1. Rejection Ã¢â¬â threatening to end a friendship or relationship. This pressure can be hard to resist as nobody wants to lose friends. 2. Reasoning Ã¢â¬â telling a person reasons why they should try something or why it would be okay if they did it i. e. Ã¢â¬Å"your parents would never find out. Ã¢â¬ Identity is made of what drives an individual, the abilities they have, what they believe, and their personal history (Marcia, 1980). Identity is one of the main struggles in an adolescentÃ¢â¬â¢s life. It is very important that children receive the proper guidance while entering their adolescence from their parents and peers. Although they like to believe that they are capable of developing on their own, adolescents need parental guidance to develop their path of identity development. The relationship between a child and a parent plays an important role with an adolescent and his or her decisions about sex. (Chapman, Werner-Wilson 2008). Morality can be defined as the distinction between what is right and wrong or what is good and bad. Although, moral reasoning depends on culture which akes it difficult to define; most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t look at where these principles are coming from or what guides one through moral development. As children grow and learn, usually from care takers and people who inspire their every need, their morality changes based on several levels. Although researching of moral development goes as far back as Socrates, there are two psychologists that studied morality in depth and they are Lawrence Kohlberg and Jean Piaget. Jean Piaget was a cognitive developmental psychologist spending most of his time working with children and adolescents, including his own. Although, PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s observation of moral development wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t in depth like Kohlberg, he allowed for a basic understanding. He believed that moral development occurred in stages. Piaget strongly believed in education and thought interaction in an education setting allowed children maximum potential in cognitive development. Piaget believed in many things, but when it came to moral development there were only two basic principles. The first principle was that children develop moral ideas in stages and could not skip stages, although movement from one stage to the other could vary in length. Lastly he believed that children create their own perception of their world, including whether their actions enforce what is morally right or wrong. Ã¢â¬Å"Piagets ideas of moral realism and morality of cooperation play a role in Kohlbergs theory. Children in Piagets stage of moral realism believe that rules are absolute and cant be changed. Punishment should be determined by how much damage is done, and the intention of the child is not taken into account. A child has many milestones to reach through adolescence. The success of these milestones depends on normal development. Milestones can be challenging regardless of age and size. However, some children experience abnormal development and also delays. Detecting signs of abnormal development in certain age groups requires an understanding of development milestones. There for this leads us to the major physical, cognitive, self made motivational experience of adolescents that are a variety of developmental outcomes of identity, morality, transitional stages, beginnings of puberty and the full commitment to an adult social role, and sexual maturity.
Santa Anna, Commander of Mexican Army, did not want this to happen, and therefore he did not want to sign the treaty on allowing Texas to have liberty. The Texans were not happy and knew that they had to fight for their independence against Mexico. This battle had five main people. First, Colonel William Travis who was Texas Commander. Second, Jim Bowie was in command of a volunteer force in San Antonio when William Travis arrived with regular army troops. Third, Davy Crockett who was a legendary frontiersmen and was surrounded with 188 people in the fort and fought against the Mexican army. Fourth, Sam Houston who was the Commander of the Texas Army. Finally, general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna who was the general of the Mexican army and leader of the Thirteen day siege at the Alamo. In the early days of the Texas Revolution, a provisional government had been established to organize resistance against Mexicans, and Sam Houston was named the commander of the Texan Army. Houston believed that San Antonio would be too isolated to defend successfully, therefore he sent Jim Bowie to withdraw the garrison stationed there. However, Bowie became in love of an abandoned mission in the town that has served for decades as a barracks of Mexican troops: known as the Ã¢â¬Å"AlamoÃ¢â¬ . Bowie began to support the garrison mission, and sent a word to Houston that he would stay and defend the Alamo. Houston then got worried and sent a young firebrand named William Travis to order the garrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s mission withdrawal, but sadly Travis too felt in the dream of Bowie. Then on February 23, 1836 Santa Anna arrived at the Alamo where more than 150 men including Davy Crockett. Santa Anna quickly order his force, numbering 4,000 to 6,000 men, to surround the Alamo. He then began a round-the-clock bombardment to which the defenders were barely able to respond. They had cannon, but not enough gunpowder. Santa Anna sent a courier to demand that the Alamo surrender. Travis replied with a cannonball. The people in the Alamo were not secured, and Bowie became ill by a disease described as hasty consumption or typhoid pneumonia. Therefore Travis became in command. On February 24, Travis then sent three riders out to go get help. In a result, thirty-two men rode (from Gonzalez) to attack Santa Anna but it was impossible for a small militia to defend a whole army. While the fort walls were beginning to brake, they were not strong enough since it was originally built to keep out the Comanche. They were members of a Shoshonean tribe, the only tribe of the group living entirely on the Plains, and formerly ranging from Wyoming to Texas. On the night of March 5, the attack of the Alamo stopped. In the darkness, the Mexicans troops quietly positioned themselves for a dawn attack. The people at the Alamo were worried because they knew that Santa Anna was about to attack, the walls of the fort were crumbling down. On Sunday the 6th, around 5:00 a. m. Santa Anna began to open the assault but was unsuccessful. Never the less, the second time he breached the walls. Once inside, as about 1,800 assault troops advanced into range, and they began to kill. Travis was the first one to be killed in the battle, while Bowie fought from the his sickbed for a short time. The people in the church building held out the longest, but unfortunately did not have the power to survive. Other people on the fort decided to flee to the southeast but were killed by Mexican cavalry waiting for such a move. By 8:00 a. m. , it was all over; all the 188 Texans defenders, including Bowie and Crockett were killed. The victorious Mexicans spared some twenty women, children, and African-American Slaves. Santa Anna became known for ruthless suppression of rebelling. In addition, although the Alamo siege slowed the Mexican campaign less than two weeks, it provided the sparks that motivated many to join HoustonÃ¢â¬â¢s motley force. Sam Houston was the Commander of the Texas Army. Therefore, on April 21, there was another battle named Ã¢â¬Å"The Battle of San Jacinto. Ã¢â¬ On April 20, HoustonÃ¢â¬â¢s army caught up with Mexican Army on the San Jacinto near Galveston Bay. While the Mexican army was having a siesta, Houston was ready to attack. Houstons army attacked them with anger saying Remember the Alamo! and Remember Goliad! At the end 630 Mexican soldiers were executed and others were kept as prisoners. Santa Anna was also forced to sign the treaty on allowing independence to Texas. At the end the election was held and Sam Houston won and became president of the Republic of Texas. Finally, at the end Texas became part of the United States. The battle of the Alamo became known as a rallying cry because so many people got executed. Santa Anna did not want to declare Texas independence. Therefore Texas had to fight for their freedom. During the battle, we lost famous people like Colonel William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett. In my opinion Santa Anna did good in the battle of the Alamo because he wanted to showed people that if you want independence you will have to fight for it. The thirteen days siege at the Alamo was his brightest plan. He showed what a great leader he was by executing 188 people and calling them traitors. But sadly he lost the battle of San Jacinto and was put in prison then later executed after signing the treaty allowing Texas to have its independence. Now the Alamo is visited by 2. 5 million people a year.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
In Their Eyes Were Watching God, by Zora Neale Hurston, the main character Janie, is driven to achieve a strong sense of self as well as comes to appreciate her independence. It would seem that throughout her life, Janie is a little na?ve. That is until her grandmother?s death. Janie exhibits this by searching for love and progression in all the wrong places. Her journey to self-empowerment is not taken alone; an example from the text is the amount of poor marriages that she experienced. Many themes and symbols throughout the book correlate with one another. The most noteworthy theme is the idea of power and conquest as a means to fulfillment. We see this theme in context to Janie?s hair. Janie?s hair is a symbol of her power and unconventional identity; which also represents her strength and individuality. She shows these characteristics by emanating her independence and defiance of petty community standards and judgments. Her hair contributes to the normally white male power those she possesses and it helps her disrupt traditional power relationships between male over female and white over black in the novel. In the beginning of the novel the town feels that it is undignified for a woman of Janie?s age to wear her hair down. She is strong and has a rebellious nature. She does not want to bow down to societal standards. In a sense, her hair functions as a symbol of masculine power which clashes between gender roles this is why Jody becomes threatened by her actions. Janie does not have much of a say when it comes to expressing herself. Joe makes her tie up her hair and he forbids her to just be herself. Hiding her hair, Janie does not have a strong grip on her identity, which supports the amount of control that Jody has over Janie. In my opinion, I feel that Jody is intimated by Janie because of the beauty of her hair. Her hair is one element that grabbed Jody?s attention when the two first met; he loved the length and elegance of her hair. Once they became married he wanted her to pin her hair up because he felt that he wouldn?t want anyone else to find her attractive as he did. Gender differences is another theme Hurston depicts in the novel require men and women to provide each other with things that they need but do not possess. Janie views ?fulfilling relationships? as something both partners should do out of mutual respect for one another. This would also show each individual viewing the other as an equal. The novel indirectly emphasizes that Tea Cake allows Janie to be heard and gives her a sense of equality; which lifts her confidence level that has been silence by her previous marriages. Jody is an example of how Janie is not equal or does not have mutual respect from her husband. He comes along at the point where she is under the spell of her grandmother?s philosophy, prizing material wealth and status, but at the same time has begun to search for something greater. She is unsure what that something is but knows that it involves more than what she has with Logan Killicks. When Jody arrives, full of ambition, he reconciles Janie?s upbringing with her desire for adventure. His talk of power and conquest soothes Janie?s disenchantment while his ambitious social climbing satisfies the values that Nanny has imparted to her. On the other hand, as the novel progresses Janie is made aware of Jody?s ?real? personality. Initially when she first meets him, he seems to be everything that she thought her Nanny had imparted in her, as well as helping her unpacks her dreams. Early on in their marriage Janie is made aware that their wants in life differ. ?In Chapter 5 Jody states, "Thank yuh fuh yo' compliments, but mah wife don't know nothin' 'bout no speech- makin'. Ah never married her for nothin' lak dat. She's uh woman and her place is in de home (40-41). The quote expresses that Jody under-minded Janie and would not allow her to speak. Janie?s interest in Jody ultimately leaves because she discovers that the role he wants her to